Population and Housing Census 2007
In keeping with the decennial cycle, the third national census was originally scheduled for May 2004 but was then postponed to May 2005. There was a need for a second postponement because of lack of funds and the census is now scheduled to take place in May 2007. The field work for Ethiopia 's 3rd National Population and Housing Census is scheduled to be undertaken for six days beginning 29 May.
The Central Statistical Authority (CSA) has undertaken a number of pre-census activities, and has expressed its readiness to go ahead with the census this year. Close to 82,000 enumerators have been trained to apply questionnaires in the country's nine regional states and two city administrations. Data gathering in the largely pastoral Afar and Somali regions will be conducted later this year in November, when communities tend to regularly gather.
In addition to monies allocated by the government, a consortium of international donors contributed US$20.2 million to the exercise. As the census lead agency for the UN system in Ethiopia , UNFPA provides technical and financial support to the CSA. A pilot census undertaken recently in 250 localities in two rounds has assisted in the improvement of the census methodology. This census is particularly important to Ethiopia in light of monitoring progress in attaining the Millennium Development Goals.
In relation to the census UNFPA provided US$ 2, 114, 134 under the Data Collection Project of the 5th Country Programme (2002-2006). Funds were also provided under the previous ‘Data Collection' project under the 4th Country Programme (1997-2001).
The UNFPA contribution has been vital to the upcoming census programme so far, and its efforts have been much appreciated by the Government. To date, UNFPA inputs have included training (in GIS, data processing and sampling), study tours (GIS), non-expendable equipment, and vehicles (25 Toyota Land Cruisers, 1 Toyota Double-cab pickup and 5 Toyota Corolla saloons) to support cartographic work. The Fund had allocated a total amount of US$ 2, 500, 000 for the data collection project component, which embraces the 2007 Population and Housing Census.
Conducted in 1984 and 1994 in Ethiopia , this 10-year exercise is considered by development specialists the single most important data gathering activity a country can undertake in order to form long-term development planning strategy and policy. In the last census, Ethiopia 's population was counted at 53.5 million. It is estimated to have grown annually by 2.9%, to 77 million in 13 years.