UNFPA IN MONGOLIA
Welcome to UNFPA in Mongolia. UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, is the UN agency delivering a world where every pregnancy is wanted, every childbirth is safe and every young person's potential is fulfilled. In Mongolia, UNFPA supports the government in the use of population data for policies and programmes to reduce poverty and to ensure that every birth is safe and wanted.
Brief History in Mongolia
UNFPA started providing support to the Mongolian government since the late 1970s. We started with the provision of equipment and training to the Central Statistics Office to carry out the population census of 1979 and 1989. Support to maternal and child health (MCH) began in the early 1980s and consisted of training for medical personnel and provision of small amounts of contraceptives.
The first comprehensive country programme between the Government of Mongolia and UNFPA began in 1992 and was focused on family planning information and services and promoted the use of population data to support government policies and social issues.
In 1998, the UNFPA country office was established in Ulaanbaatar with a placement of a Representative, and in 2002 a regional sub office (RSO) was opened in Khovd. The RSO's primary focus was to increase community outreach and facilitate the delivery of technical and programme support to selected aimags (provinces) in the western region.
By the end of 2016, the UNFPA’s 5th Country Programme will come to a close, (its Action Plan signed with the Government of Mongolia in 2012), and the main areas of cooperation were Sexual and Reproductive Health, Youth Development, Gender Equality and Population Dynamics. This coincides with the conclusion of a decade supporting the people of Mongolia in facing the challenges of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). UNFPA has focused on achieving MDG 3 - equal rights for women and men, MDG 5- reducing maternal mortality and MDG 6 – combating HIV/AIDS. At the end of 2015, Mongolia achieved marked success with MDG 5 in particular, having managed to be only one of 9 countries that successfully met targets to reduce Maternal Mortality by 2/3.
Projects within the programme were conducted in close cooperation with the Government of Mongolia, other UN agencies, local government organizations, and NGOs. Development Partners for the 5th Country Programme included the Government of Luxembourg supporting (1) Telemedicine Project and (2) STI/HIV Prevention Among Youth, Mobile and Most at Risk Populations Project; the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation on youth development;and Oyu Tolgoi, LLC supporting the Youth Development Project in the mining district Khabogd.
Towards the Achievement of the Global Sustainable Development Goals
At the country level, UNFPA will continue to operate within the UN Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) Mongolia 2017-2021 with the 6th Country Programme, utilizing the business model of policy and advocacy, engaging national stakeholders, international partners, and target populations especially youth and women in the design and implementation of programme interventions. The 6th Country Programme, which was approved by the UNFPA Executive Board in September 2016, will be based on the principles of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) and the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) aiming to contribute to the Mongolia’s attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with a focus on youth Sexual and Reproductive health(SRH), youth participation and gender equality.
Through a clear commitment to integrated development conveyed in the political declaration, the 2030 Agenda reaffirms the vision of the ICPD POA that development represents the expansion of multiple reinforcing opportunities for a given person across their life course, demanding simultaneous and integrated investments in numerous sectors. Goals and targets to advance these aspirations converge across the ICPD POA, the framework of Actions for the follow-up to ICPD beyond 2014, recent regional development agendas, as well as the 2030 Agenda.
Below are some clear examples of interlinkages between the SDGs and the ICPD:
Goal 1: the focus of the ICPD on poverty reduction and the wide range of linkages between population and development and poverty;
Goal 3: its inclusion of universal access to sexual and reproductive health care services, maternal health, HIVAIDS and information and education on SRH;
Goal 4: addressing skills education on gender equality and human rights, citizenship and peace;
Goal 5: targets on discrimination against women and girls, gender-based violence, harmful practices including child, early and forced marriage and FGM, of course universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights;
Goal 8: critical for youth employment and for realizing the demographic dividend;
Goal 10: addressing inequalities and discrimination including for migrants;
Goal 11: urbanization as a priority population dynamic, and the importance of inclusive urbanization for a wide range of ICPD objectives, as well as targets on access to services;
Goal 16: ensuring participation and safety from violence; and
Goal 17: including strong data systems as a central part of means of implementation, as well as disaggregation of data to identify and support those who are often left behind.