UNFPA Timor-Leste


Report on Teenage Pregnancy and Early Marriage

Report on Teenage Pregnancy and Early Marriage

Author: Dr. Deborah Cummins
No. of pages: 47
Available languages: English
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With 19% of girls married before 18 and 24% already with a child by the time they turn 20, the Secretariat of State for Youth and Sports, UNFPA and Plan International decided to investigate the decision-making pathways and experiences that lead to teenage pregnancy and early marriage in Timor-Leste.

The objective of the research was to investigate the root causes of pregnancies in adolescence and early marriages, as well as to collect information on possible ways to prevent them.

Lack of sexual education for young people, lack of access to contraceptives and its utilization among young people, and power and control on sexual decision making are some of the root causes contributing to teenage pregnancies and early marriages. The research clearly shows that teenage pregnancies and early marriage have consequences for many aspects of young people's lives-their health, education employment opportunities and overall general well-being. Given its complexity, many sectors and actors have a role to play in preventing it: the health and education sectors, parents and communities at large, gender advocates and policy makers, and young people themselves.