Zimbabwe’s 5th Demographic and Health Survey underway
The Zimbabwe 5th Demographic Health Survey which will be the most current and comprehensive survey that provides updated data for most health and demographic indicators, is underway.
The field work is being undertaken by the National Statistics Agency (ZIMSTAT), formerly known as the Central Statistical Office, in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare (MoHCW). As with the 2005/6 ZDHS, the 2010 ZDHS will, for the second time, collect information on malaria prevention and treatment, gender based violence and population based estimates for anemia and HIV. It will also have questions on concurrent sex and male circumcision, Mr. Mapeta, the ZIMSTAT Census Manager highlighted during an interview on the progress of the survey.
The 2010 ZDHS is one of a series of surveys undertaken by ZIMSTAT as part of the Zimbabwe National Household Survey Capability Programme. Earlier surveys were undertaken in 1988, 1994, 1999 and 2005/6.
It collects information on reproduction, contraception, marriage and sexual activity, participation in health care, fertility preferences, HIV and AIDS including population based testing, domestic violence, family planning, child and maternal mortality, maternal and child health care, children's immunization, anemia testing, birth registration among other things. "ZDHS is comprehensive and will also respond to data needs of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) monitoring and reporting processes," said Mr. Mlambo the UNFPA Population and Development Officer.
The carrying out of the survey is a joint effort comprising government, donors, UN Agencies and non governmental organizations. ZIMSTAT is responsible for planning and conducting of the field work, processing of collected data, report writing, and dissemination of the results. The MoHCW, which is the main user of the data, conducts the HIV tests in its laboratories and also provide health personnel who will lead the field teams during data collection. Macro International Inc. is providing technical assistance and funding through the MEASURE DHS project, a USAID funded project which provides support for the implementation of population and health surveys in more than ninety countries of the world.
The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) is supporting ZIMSTAT in management of this joint programme and also financial and technical support together with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID), European Union (EU), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Field work started in September 2010 and will end in March 2011.